Wrinkles develop as you age. You have to take care of your skin if you want to prevent them, or at least delay these signs of aging. Lines and wrinkles around the eyes are often the first to appear.
There are a variety of reasons wrinkles may start to appear besides the natural aging process. If you are still young or you think they are developing wrinkles too quickly, you may wonder, “Why do I have lines under my eyes.” The answer may surprise you, so keep reading to find out 13 reasons lines appear and how to prevent them.
Why Do I Have Lines Under My Eyes? 13 Reasons
Developing lines under the eyes is an inevitable part of life. There are many reasons they form, some avoidable and some not.
With age, it’s natural for fine lines to start to settle on your face. Your skin loses its elasticity and can no longer stretch and shrink as needed. Continuous movements, like smiling, squinting, and frowning stretch the skin in certain areas and leave wrinkles in these well-used areas of your face. The lines also show how you lived your life such as exposure to different things like sun, smoke, and allergens.
Your parents, grandparents, and other ancestors passed down genes that determine how early you gain fine lines as well as how deep they are. Genetics contribute to where the fine lines appear on your skin. This is more or less unpreventable. Collagen levels and the elasticity of the skin are passed down the family tree. Relatives tend to show their age and signs of aging around the same age and in the same places.
3. Sun Exposure
UV rays are known for their damage to the skin, causing irritation, sunburns, and even cancer. The space under your eyes is damaged the same by sun exposure as the rest of your skin. UV rays from the sun damage the skin under your eyes and contribute to the lines that develop underneath. The more sun exposure, the deeper and finer the lines are as you get older.
Tobacco use, smoking, and vaping are all directly connected to premature skin aging. These products ruin the balance of the skin. In turn, this leads to deeper and more lines forming at a younger age. The chemicals inside cigarettes and similar products break down different components of the skin, such as collagen, proteoglycans, and elastic fibers. These elements all help to prevent fine lines. Once they are gone, the skin loses its ability to shield itself.
5. Bad Diet
Having an unhealthy diet leads to an unhealthy body, both physically and mentally. Obtaining nutrients to help fuel the various organisms within the body helps keep the skin in good condition. The skin is an organ and it requires sustenance like any other. Without it, it begins to deteriorate, leading to lines and creases.
If you aren’t doing skincare, now is the time to start. To maintain a youthful look and keep your skin healthy, you have to practice good skincare techniques. Without the right techniques, the skin quickly becomes unhealthy. It dries out, forms acne and dark spots, and develops signs of aging much earlier than those whoregularly take care of their skin.
The skin needs moisture on the surface of the skin, but also within the body to maintain its youthful look. Skincare helps the surface of the skin. However, drinking enough water is what provides you with the moisture you need on the inside. Dehydration harms your organs and your skin and when your skin lacks hydration, it’s forced to break down the nutrients in your face that prevent lines from forming.
Allergies are common for many and they spring up every season. Those with allergies are often left with watering eyes and runny noses, leading them to rub and wipe their face any chance they get. Rubbing around the eyes causes the skin to stretch and hurts the elasticity, causing deep lines to sink in.
9. Lack of Sleep
Bags under the eyes are noticeable and everyone has experienced them at some point or another. Not being able to sleep happens to everyone, but the more often it happens, the deeper those eye bags become. These bags stretch the skin and eventually create lines.
10. Rough Pillowcases
Having cheaper cotton or other scratchy materials in pillowcases and sheets may save you money, but they damage the skin under your eyes. As you turn in your sleep, your skin catches on these pillowcases. As it pulls the skin around your eyes, it damages the sensitive area and ruins the elasticity in your skin, forming deep lines.
11. Sleeping Position
Pillow cases and how much you sleep are part of your sleeping habits to change to improve wrinkles. However, that’s not all. You also need to be conscious of your sleeping position. The position you sleep in causes fine lines to form if the skin is smushed or rubbed too much. The worst sleeping position for wrinkles under the eyes is lying with your face buried in a pillow. This is usually a problem with stomach sleepers.
12. Environmental Factors
Besides allergies and UV radiation, other environmental factors include pollution, wind, and dust. Poor conditions lead to harsh effects on the skin. Irritants sink into the pores and dirty your face. The more gross your face and the more harsh the conditions, the faster wrinkles form.
13. Facial Movements
Being human involves many different repeated facial expressions. Smiling, frowning, raising your eyebrows in surprise, and many others cause wrinkles to settle into the face. This is especially true since they are natural to repeat often. They cause fine lines all over the face, but creases near the eyes are most common since the skin there moves often.
What to Do About It
1. Avoid Sun Exposure
UV damage is one of the most common causes of lines under the eyes, so avoiding sun exposure is the best way to avoid that. While you can’t completely avoid the sun, you can limit exposure. When you do go in the sun, make sure you wear sunscreen and something to block the sun from directly hitting your face like a hat.
2. Quit Smoking
Quitting smoking is good for your overall health and getting rid of lines under the eyes. The longer you smoke, the more likely the damage to your skin will become irreversible. Sometimes, unfortunately, the lines are too deep to fix.
3. Eat Healthy
Getting plenty of nutrients and vitamins in your diet contributes to healthy skin and prevents wrinkles. It keeps your body in good shape and your skin happy. Avoid high-fat and high-sugar items if you want to keep your skin as healthy-looking as possible. Focus on keeping your diet balanced and full of nutritious foods.
4. Practice Good Skincare
Skincare not only prevents lines from forming, but it also helps minimize or even get rid of them altogether if the lines are fine enough. A good skincare routine involves many steps and must be done consistently to keep it healthy. Research your skin type to start your journey of developing a good routine and figure out what products are best suited for you based on your results.
5. Stay Hydrated
Hydration keeps the skin plump and moisturized. The face glows and is more youthful when it is hydrated because the skin is better at healing itself. Healed skin fills in fine lines, especially when paired with a good skincare routine. It also prevents future lines from forming.
6. Treat Allergies
To stop yourself from rubbing your eyes and pulling at the skin around it, get some good allergy medication. It will stop your eyes from watering, your nose from running, and those annoying coughs or sneezes. Besides not rubbing your eyes, it is also just nice to not feel so sick during allergy season. Finding the right allergy medication is a win-win.
7. Facial Exercises
Facial exercises are absolutely necessary when it comes to preventing or getting rid of fine lines. They help improve and restore skin elasticity, strengthening it over time. Fixing the elasticity in your skin also solves the problem of creases and wrinkles. Focus on exercise around the eyes to help stretch that skin back out.
8. Better Pillow Cases
Get rid of those old cotton and polyester pillowcases. Instead, invest in softer ones that are easier on the skin. Silk and satin pillowcases are all the rage these days because of how good for your skin they are. They not only help with fine lines, but they also help prevent acne and other blemishes.
9. Proper Sleeping Positions
Burying your face in your pillow may be comfortable, but it is terrible for your skin. Changing up your sleeping position takes a lot of time, but it will be well worth it when you notice how much better your skin looks and feels. It is good for your skin, but it also is better for your bones and muscles to sleep in a proper position such as on your back.
10. Sleep More
While there is such a thing as too much sleep, getting the proper amount is important. When you are not sleeping enough, bags under the eyes are a dead giveaway. To prevent them, get longer, more restful sleep each night, aiming for seven to nine hours. You will wake up feeling and looking better each morning.
11. Rest Your Eyes
Resting your eyes does not just mean sleep. It also means getting away from those harsh screens that the majority of us spend all of our time looking at. Eye strain makes lines on your face worse. Stepping back from the screen on occasion can help. Put down your phone, and turn off your computer or TV. Instead, go enjoy looking at nature or anything your eyes do not have to focus on too hard to see.
12. Facial Rejuvenation
One of the last resort options is turning to facial rejuvenation procedures. These include different types of injections, such as Botox and different fillers, or other procedures such as laser resurfacing. Surgery is also an option if the lines under your face are severe and bother you quite a lot.